A. Charlesworth and J. Gustafson,
"Introducing Replicated VLSI to Supercomputing: The FPS-164/MAX Scientific Computer,"
IEEE Computer, March 1986.

This was the paper that introduced what are now called "Level 3 BLAS". The architecture was presented to Jack Dongarra around the same time, and he used the concepts to create his own versions of bandwidth-reducing triply-nested loops. This was a watershed paper for the LINPACK benchmark, since it led to the relaxation of the rule that required matrix-vector multiplication as the kernel, a rule that made performance hard to achieve for systems with more parallelism than that of the CRAY mainframes.

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